The Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) was instituted by Royal Warrant on 6 September 1886. The award is generally not given to officers below the rank of Captain.

Some time after the Indian Mutiny it was realized that no adequate means existed of recognizing the services of junior officers. The Victoria Cross was reserved for outstanding gallantry and the CB could only normally be awarded to officers the rank of Major and above so a new award was needed.

In terms of gallantry awards, The DSO ranks below the Victoria Cross and above the Military Cross, in order of precedence. It is almost always awarded for gallantry in action. There were 8,981 awards for the First World War.

The DSO was available to officers of all the armed services, and in September 1942 the regulations allowed it to be awarded to officers of the Merchant Navy for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy. Foreign Officers were eligible as honourary recipients the order.

Very early awards are of gold and enamel, but the order has been made of silver gilt since 1889.
 

The metal is overlaid with white enamel, the obverse showing a green enamel laurel wreath encircling an imperial crown. The reverse shows the Royal cipher, changing with each reign, within a similar wreath. The cross is suspended by a swivel ring from a straight suspender decorated with laurel leaves.

The ribbon, 29mm wide, is crimson with dark blue edges, and is surmounted by a top clasp similar to the suspension bar. When the DSO is mounted together with other medals this clasp is often removed and sewn back at the top of the ribbon.

The DSO has always been issued unnamed, but since 1938 (George VI) the year of issue has been engraved on the rear of the lower suspension bar.

In 1993, changes to the gallantry awards system meant that the DSO can now be awarded to all ranks, but only for 'leadership'. It has been replaced as an award for gallantry by the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC), first awarded in 1995.

  

Worcestershire Regiment men who were awarded the DSO (1886-1898)
Surname Forename/s Rank Gazette Medal No. Engagement
Hickman Thomas Edgecumbe Captain 08/11/1889 139 Toski
 
 Worcestershire Regiment men who were awarded the DSO in Boer War (1899-1902)
Surname Forename/s Rank Gazette Battalion Engagement
Bartholomew Hugh John Captain 27/09/1901 2nd South Africa
Bennett Charles Hugh Captain 19/04/1901 Staff South Africa
Dillon Constantine Theobald Francis Captain 26/06/1902 M.I. South Africa
Gibb John Hassard Stewart Major 27/09/1901 1st South Africa
Green Arthur Dowson Captain 19/04/1901 M.I. South Africa
Hovell Hugh de Berdt Major 27/09/1901 2nd South Africa
Wodehouse Ernest Charles Forbes Captain 27/09/1901 2nd South Africa
Richards Bernard Ogilvie Captain 27/09/1901 M.I. South Africa
Boyd-Moss Ernest William Lieut. (now Captain) 27/09/1901 AS Corps South Africa
 
Worcestershire Regiment men who were awarded the DSO (1903-1909)
Surname Forename/s Rank Gazette Battalion Engagement
Breading George Remington Captain 06/09/1904 Att. W.A.F. Somaliland
W.A.F = West African Frontier Force 
 
Worcestershire Regiment men who were awarded the DSO in World War 1
Name Forename/s
Rank
Gazette
Battalion
Engagement
Adam William
A/Lt. Col.
03/06/1918
17th
Italy (general)
Arden John Henry Morris
Capt.
28/04/1915
1st
Neuve Chapelle
Armitage Charles Leathley
Bt. Maj.
24/07/1915
att. 2nd
Festubert
Badham John Frederick
Bt. Lt. Col.
27/07/1918
(W.A.F.F.)
East Africa
Bate John Percival
A/Maj.
01/01/1919
1/8th
Italy 1918 (general)
      "   - bar  
A/Maj.
02/04/1919
1/8th
Selle
Bomford Leslie Raymond
A/Capt.
02/04/1919
1/8th
Sambre
Boswell Harold Edward
T/2nd Lt.
08/03/1919
2nd
Selle
Bowen William Allan
A/Lt. Col.
03/06/1918
Comdg. 1/4th K.S.L.I.
Somme 1918
      "   - bar  
A/Lt. Col.
01/01/1919
Comdg.1/4th K.S.L.I.
Aisne 1918
Bowring Edward Langley
Capt.
18/02/1915
2nd
Gheluvelt
Bridges John Victor
T/Maj.
18/07/1917
(Att. N. Fus.)
?
Briscoe George Seton
T/Maj.
26/09/1916
3rd
Thiepval
Carr Henry Arbuthnot
Maj.
02/05/1916
4th
Krithia
Clarke Bowcher Campbell Senhouse
T/Lt. Col.
04/06/1917
(Staff)
Somme 1916
      "   - bar  
T/Lt. Col.
16/09/1918
4th
Lys 1918
Clarke Sir Edward Henry St. Lawrence Bt.
Lt. Col.
01/01/1917
Comdg. 21st W. Yorks
?
Clarke Hubert Thomas
A/Lt. Col.
08/03/1919
1/8th
Beaurevoir, &c.
      "   - bar  
A/Lt. Col.
02/04/1919
1/8th
Sambre
Cooper Arkwright Richard
T/Capt.
26/07/1917
11th
Doiran 1917
Crawshay Henry
Maj.
03/06/1918
(Staff)
?
Davidge Guy Mortimer Coleridge
A/Lt. Col.
26/09/1917
1st
Ypres 1917
      "   - bar  
A/Lt. Col.
24/09/1918
1st
Aisne 1918
Davies Hugh Warburton
Capt.
30/01/1920
2/8th
St. Quentin
Davies-Evans Deline William Campbell
A/Lt. Col.
03/06/1919
2/8th
Selle, &c.
Dippie Herbert
A/Maj.
03/06/1918
11th
Macedonia (general)
Dore Alan Sidney Whitehorn
Maj.
01/01/1918
Att. R.F.C.
?
Dorman Leslie Claud
T/Lt. Col.
04/06/1917
2/7th
Vermand
Dugan Winston Joseph
Capt.
23/06/1915
(Staff)
France 1915 (general)
Dunlop Frank Passy
T/Lt. Col.
01/01/1917
Comdg. 20th Midd'x.
Somme 1916
Faviell William Frederick Oliver
T/Lt. Col.
25/08/1917
9th
Kut 1917, &c.
FitzJohn Tudor

T/Lt. Col.

01/01/1917

?

France 1916 (general)
      "  - bar  
A/Lt. Col.
15/02/1919
4th
Ypres 1918
Franklin William Veasey
Maj.
03/06/1919
1st
Douai, &c.
Fulton Herbert Albrecht
T/Lt. Col.
04/06/1917
(Staff)
?
Gascoigne Cecil Claud Hugh Orby
T/Lt. Col.
01/01/1918
14th
Ypres 1917
Gibbon William Duff
A/Lt. Col.
17/03/1917
9th
Kut 1917
Gogarty Henry Edward
Lt. Col.
26/11/1917
2nd
Ypres 1917
Gordon William Alexander
Maj.
02/02/1916
Att. R. Warwick
?
Grogan George William St. George
T/Lt. Col.
11/05/1917
1st
Bouchavesnes
      "   - bar  
T/Brig-Gen.
26/07/1918
23rd Brigade
Somme 1918
Hankey Edward Barnard
Bt. Lt.-Col.
01/01/1918
Att. Tank Corps
Ypres 1917
Harman Alexander Ramsey
Lt. Col.
20/10/1916
1/7th
Ovillers
Heselton  John Lister
A/Lt. Col.
26/11/1917
Comdg. 9th Manchester
France 1917 (general)
Hill John Charles Holden
T/Lieut.
26/09/1916
1/7th
Ovillers 21/8/16
Holcroft Cyril Walter
A/Capt.
04/02/1918
2/8th
Cambrai 1917
Jefferies Hugh St. John
A/Lt. Col.
26/09/1917
Comdg. 1st W. Yorks
Ypres 1917
Johnston Alexander Colin
T/Lt. Col.
04/06/1917
(Comdg. 10th Cheshire)
Somme 1916
      "   - bar  
T/Lt. Col.
01/01/1918
Comdg. 10th Cheshire
Ypres 1917
Kerans Edward Thomas John
T/Lt. Col.
04/06/1917
4th
Arras 1917
Kitching Charles H.
T/Lt. Col.
04/06/1917
Comdg. 18th K.R.R.C.
France 1917 (general)
Lawrence Edward Lafone Graham
Bt. Maj.
03/06/1919
(Staff)
Italy (general)
Leggett Robert Anthony Cleghorn
T/ Col.
01/01/1917
(Staff)
France 1916 (general)
Leman  John Frederick
T/Lt. Col.
02/04/1919
Comdg. 13th R.W.Fus.
Sambre
Linton Charles Strangway
Maj.
26/06/1916
(Staff)
France 1915 (general)
      "   - bar  
A/Lt. Col.
26/11/1917
4th
Ypres 1917
Maben Herbert Carteighe
T/Capt.
26/07/1918
14th
Somme 1918
Marryatt Richard Herbert
Maj.
03/06/1919
4th
Courtrai
McCombie Hamilton
T/Capt.
01/01/1918
(Staff)
France 1917 (general)
Mould James
Lieut.
25/08/1916
3rd
Ovillers 15-17/7/16
Myles Edgar Kinghorn
2nd/Lieut.
17/03/1917
9th
Kut 1917
Pardoe Thomas Kenyon
Maj.
01/01/1918
2nd
Arras 1917
Roberts Frank Crowther
Lieut.
18/02/1915
1st
Raid 3/1/15
Rose Richard Aubrey de Burgh
T/Lt. Col.
14/01/1916
(W.A.F.F.)
W. Africa
      "   - bar  
Bt. Lt. Col.
21/07/1918
(W.A.F.F.)
E. Africa
Sladden Cyril Edgar
T/Maj.
08/03/1919
9th
Baku
Sole Denis Mavisyn Anslow
Maj.
01/01/1917
10th
Somme 1916
      "   - bar  
T/Lt. Col.
01/01/1919
10th
Aisne 1918
Stephenson
-Fetherstonhaugh
Alexander John
Maj.
01/01/1919
(Staff)
France 1918 (general)
Stevens Leighton Marlow
T/Lt. Col.
01/01/1917
Comdg.23rd Manch.R.
France 1916 (general)
Stoney  Gerald Johnston Lipyeatt
A/Lt. Col.
16/09/1918
2nd
Neuve Eglise
Temple  Richard Durand
T/Lt. Col.
01/01/1918
Comdg. 24th North'd Fus.
France 1917 (general)
Tomkinson Francis Martin
Maj.
01/01/1917
1/7th
Ovillers
      "   - bar  
T/Lt. Col.
18/07/1917
1/7th
Gillemont Farm
Traill Robert Francis
Maj.
16/09/1918
3rd
Lys 1918
Tyrwhitt Frederick St. John
Maj.
14/01/1916
(Staff)
France1915(general)
Umfreville Ralph Brunton
T/Lt. Col.
25/08/1917
Comdg. 8th Glosters.
?
Vaughan P. E.
T/Lt. Col.
22/07/1916
Comdg. 8th Green Howards
Contalinaison
Watson T. H.
A/Lt. Col.
03/06/1918
Comdg. 1st Foresters
Somme 1918
Whalley Percy Roger
A/Lt. Col.
26/09/1917
3rd
Ypres 1917
Whitty Allen
Maj. & Qmr.
14/01/1916
3rd
France 1914-15 (general)
Winnington John Francis Sartorius
Maj.
28/04/1915
1st
Neuve Chapelle
Wood Henry George Westmorland
Capt.
24/09/1918
1/7th
Piavè

Worcestershire Regiment men who were awarded the DSO in World War 2
Name Forename/s
Rank
Gazette
Battalion
Engagement
Churchill William Oliver
Capt.
15/03/1945
seconded
Mediterranean (Italy)
Graves-Morris Philip Herbert
Maj.
26/04/1945
att.
Burma
Hall Peter Geoffrey
Maj.
21/06/1945
1st
Ahlhorn 15/4/1945
Hope-Thomson Maxwell Richard Julian
A/Lt. Col.
24/01/1946
1st
N.W. Europe (general)
Hughes Thomas Frederick
Maj.
03/05/1945
1st
Operation Veritable
Knight John Oldham
Lt. Col.
13/08/1942
1st
Middle East
Nott Donald Harley
Maj.
30/12/1941
1st
Middle East
Osborne-Smith Robert Edward
A/Lt. Col.
29/03/1945
1st
N.W. Europe (general)
Ricketts Jack Dillon
Maj.
05/04/1945
1st
Tripsrath 18/11/1944
Symes Bryant Gustavus

T/Lt. Col.

06/06/1946

2nd

Burma
Wilsey John Harold Owen
T/Lt. Col.
29/03/1945
att.
N.W. Europe (general)
 
Note:  
          Capatin W O Churchill was seconded to Special Operations Executive (1944/45 Operation Floodlight [Italy]: political and military liaison mission consisting of WS/Captain W. O. Churchill, to act as British Liaison Officer to General Cadorna at the request of the CLNAI in northern Italy.)
         T/Lieut.-Colonel P. H. Graves-Morris was attached to 2nd Battalion The York and Lancaster Regiment.
          A/Lieut.-Colonel M. R. J. Hope Thomson (Royal Scots Fusiliers) was attached to the 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment.
          A/Lieut.-Colonel R. E. Osborne-Smith (Northamptonshire Regiment) was attached to the 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment.
          T/Lieut.-Colonel B. G. Symes (Dorset Regiment) attached to the 2nd Battalion (Nov. 1943 to Oct. 1945)
          T/Lieut.-Colonel J. H. O. Wilsey was attached to the 7th Battalion Duke of Wellington Regiment.